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在职硕士英语阅读你知道多少?

  • 时间:2016-12-20 17:55
  • 作者:学历小编
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摘要:在职硕士英语阅读
略读是指为获得大意或者总体印象而进行阅读。略读作为一种快速阅读技巧对我们来说并不陌生。这就像我们看报纸时,由于一份报纸有数十大张,实在不可能一字不漏地读,只能用最快的速度找出主题,略掉一些无关紧要的细节或与主题不甚相干的部分,只知道大概内容即可。这种方法要求我们不要把眼睛盯在具体的每个单词上而是要看篇章中的主题句或者是从篇章的结构着手,利用自己的推理能力,对文章的信息进行分析,从而归纳总结出主题。略读的关键是“略”。我们的注意力应该集中在大意,而不是细节上。略读不同于仔细阅读,善于略读的人会有选择地阅读,完全跳过一些句子、段落甚至是整页的内容。 


词是语句的基本组成单位,意群是语句的基本构成单元。单个词并无多大意义,只有组合起来,在上下文关系中形成特殊的意群,才能获得特殊的、确定的意义。根据这一点,整体阅读的关键就是要把握文章中每个语句的意群。当我们在阅读文章的时候,一定要把目光集中在意群的中心,目光不应当在每个词上都做停留,而应当把目光放在中心词上,从一个意群中心词到另一个意群中心词,这样的意群整体扫描才是提高阅读速度的关键。 


Three passions,  simple but overwhelmingly  strong, have governed my  life:  the longing for  love,  the search for knowledge, and unbearable pity for  the suffering of mankind. These passions, like great winds, have blown me here and there. I  have  sought  love,  first  because  it  brings  ecstasy  so  great  that  I  would  often  have sacrificed  all  the  rest  of  life  for  a  few  hours  of  this  joy.  I  have  sought  it,  next,  because  it relieves loneliness that terrible loneliness in which one shivering consciousness looks over the rim  of  the  world  into  the  cold  unfathomable  lifeless  abyss(深渊).  I  have  sought  it,  finally, because in the union of love I have seen, in a mystic miniature, the vision of the heaven that saints and poets have imagined. This is what I sought, and though it might seem too good for human life, this is what at last I have found. With equal passion I have sought knowledge. I have wished to understand the hearts of men.  I  have  wished  to  know  why  the  stars  shine.  And  I  have  tried  to  apprehend  the Pythagorean(毕达哥拉斯的) power by which number holds sway above the flux. 
Love and knowledge, so far as they were possible, led upward toward the heavens. But always pity brought me back to earth. Echoes of cries of pain reverberate(回荡)in my heart. Children in famine, victims tortured by oppressors, helpless old people a hated burden to their sons, and the whole world of loneliness, poverty, and pain make a mockery of what human life should be. I long to alleviate the evil, but I cannot, and I too suffer. This has been my life, I have found it worth living, and would gladly live it again if the chance were offered me. 
文章的主要内容和框架就清晰地显露出来了。由此可见略读时,应特别注意文章的开始段、结束段、文章中每段的段首句和结尾句,因为它们往往是对文章内容的概括,涵盖文章大意的关键。 

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