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2017年成人英语三级考试阅读理解解题方法:主旨大意题

  • 时间:2017-02-24 13:54
  • 作者:学历小编
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摘要:主旨大意题是全局性的问题,也就是说只有读完全文,了解文章的大意才能做。因此我们建议这类问题最好在做完这篇阅读理解所有问题后再去做,因为你在做完局部性的、细节辨认性的问题后,自然会对文章大意有一定的了解。这时再去做主旨大意题,就可省去读全文
 
主旨大意题是全局性的问题,也就是说只有读完全文,了解文章的大意才能做。因此我们建议这类问题最好在做完这篇阅读理解所有问题后再去做,因为你在做完局部性的、细节辨认性的问题后,自然会对文章大意有一定的了解。这时再去做主旨大意题,就可省去读全文。
  (一)常见的表述方式
  What is the main topic of the passage?
  With what topic is the passage primarily concerned?
  The central idea conveyed in the above passage is that
  Which of the following best sums up the passage?
  The main idea of this passage is
  The passage tells us
  Which of the following statements best expresses/summarizes the main idea of the passage?
  What is the main idea of the passage?
  This article is mainly about
  This passage deals mainly with
  What does the passage mainly discuss?
  Which of the following best states the theme of the passage?
  In this passage the author/writer mainly argues that
  The purpose of the author in writing the article is to
  What does the author intend to convey through the passage?
  (二)解题方法
  1.重要位置解题法
  任何一篇阅读理解文章都有一个中心思想。尽管绝大多数阅读理解文章是从一篇较长的文章中摘选下来的,但不管摘选一段还是几段,不管摘选哪几段,不管摘选长短,摘选下来的句子必须本身是自成一体的,是有中心思想的。一般说来,绝大多数文章的中心思想是用一个句子表达出来。其特点是概括性的。中心思想句到哪儿找?它在文章中的位置比较有规律,一般出现在文章的开头。
  例1
  Describing learning as meaning centered reminds us that the most fundamental concern of any learner is "making sense". In the relationship between reader and text, then,the making of meaning is primary. To describe the activities of reading and writing, we prefer the word "transacting" which "designates an ongoing process in which the elements or parts are seen as aspects or phases of a total situation. "A transactional view of reading and writing argues that writers construct texts "through transactions with the developing text and the meaning being expressed". Transformed in the process are the text itself and the writer's ways of organizing knowledge. During reading, readers construct texts by transacting with the page and indirectly with the author. Although reading is generally considered a "receptive" language process, this does not mean that the process is essentially passive. Readers use directions from the page to construct meaning from their own prior knowledge;the reader must read between and beyond the lines.
  Like reading, the process of writing is generative of meaning:we do not simply write down ideas that are fully formed before we put them to paper. The act of composing itself bring us ideas and insights. As meaning-making processes, reading, writing and talking are dynamic;meanings are developed and changed,discovered and clarfied, during the activities themselves. Iser has described this aspect of reading as "setting the work in motion" and setting oneself in motion too.
  Clearly in reading and writing the learner's prior knowledge plays an important role. There are many types of knowledge important to the acts of reading and writing. Since all meanings are made in the context of prior meanings,with each person bringing a unique fund of prior knowledge and experience,we should not expect everyone to respond to texts in the same way.
  The passage is mainly about
  A. reading and writing
  B. learning as meaning-centered
  C. reading through transactions
  D. the importance of prior knowledge
  读了第一句Describing learning as meaning centered reminds US that the most fun-damental concern of any learner is "making sense"(把学习语言描写成以意思为中心,因为学习者最关心的就是自己说的、写的能否让人懂。)根据我们粗读和做其他题时得到的信息,这一句应是全文的中心思想。再读选项,B)learning as meaning-centered正好和这句意思对上,因此是答案无疑了。当然中心思想句出现在文章的后几段也有

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